One of my trips with Travspire was the heritage tour of Muziris. When I met Lijo Jose my guide for the Muziris Heritage Tour, he pulled out a map of the Spice Route in ancient times to show how the port of Muziris was an important part of it. And if we thought of cities and ports as more or less permanent, well the port of Muziris completely vanished from the map of the world. One theory is that it got submerged into the sea. Whatever be the reason it is not to be seen anywhere now. Once again reaffirms my faith into human beings as a speck of dust but this extends it to even places being not so permanent.
However many structures survive and my visit included a visit to the St. Thomas Mathoma Church, Paravour Synagogue, Chendhamangalam Synagogue, a visit to a hand-loom factory, Kizhthali Siva Temple and Kodungalloor Bhagavathi Temple along with the excavation site. All these places are close to Kochi and we did it as a little more than a half day tour.
When Lijo came to my hotel it was raining and I did not have an umbrella. We took the local ferry to cross the lake and take a car from the other side of Kochi. There were a few shops on where we disembarked and I got my umbrella. I was a little surprised that women boarded one corner of the ferry and men another but then why to get surprised, after all it is the same at Delhi Metro too!
Our first stop was the St. Thomas Church in Kodungalloor. It is from 52 AD. Can you imagine that kind of time? Something standing since then? My mind surely boggles at the mere thought.
The church has two parts. The old area is no longer used for prayers and yet is a beauty in its own right. Lijo knew everyone around! The old structure looks royal from inside.
St. Thomas Church, The Old Structure, Kerala
While we were there a betrothal was going on in the main church. People follow the temple tradition of not carrying footwear inside the premises. I was quite surprised because in any other church that I have entered I have always gone inside with my footwear.
Our next stop was the Paravur Synagogue. It was my first visit to a synagogue. In Kochi I could not visit the Paradesi Synagogue as it was closed on a Friday. Synagogues are also closed on Saturdays but as Lijo knew everyone, they showed me around.
Paravur Jewish Synagogue
I am told that all the synagogues have similar structure. The section from where women pray is separate from men. Lijo and I had a very interesting conversation about it. I told him when people say they wish they were born in an earlier era, I never agree because the life of women was even more restricted in those days. I love my freedom and I will not like to be born in any other time but the present one.
Our next stop was a hand-loom factory which was mostly run by women. After that we moved to the Chennamangalam Jewish Synagogue.
Chennamangalam Jewish Synagogue, Kerala
This synagogue is said to have been built in 17th century. It is also said to have the oldest Jewish inscription in India. The structure in the sense of arrange of the rooms etc is very similar to the Paravur Synagogue. Here the designs of the roof have Hindu influences. This is one area where there is a mosque, a church and a synagogue all within a few kilometers of each-other.
We then moved to the bank of the lake and went to stand on a bridge waiting for the ferry to come, or so I thought. Our car also fitted on the bridge. I was wondering why was it a plank of iron wedged into two boats. When it started moving I realized it was the ferry itself! It was a lot of fun to cross the lake like this.
Crossing the Lake on a Float, Kerala
This crossing is quite close to the excavations going on for the remains of a fort. Unfortunately because of the monsoons the excavations had been halted and everything was under wraps. However, there was no other tourist in the area apart from me! But Lijo thought the area would become popular after the Muziris Heritage Project was complete. Our next stop was the old Shiva Temple called Kizhthali Shiva Temple.
Kizhthali Siva Temple, Muziris Heritage Trail, Kerala
The temple is supposed to be from B.C 113-AD 343 but destroyed by the Dutch, Portuguese and then Tipu Sultan. Now only this main structure remains. A cow was tied within the premises and it protested loudly when I went in. There was a lady around and I asked if I could go in to which she said no. And because I was visiting a few temples there was a dress code and I was wearing a salwar kurta. I do wear it for work but hardly ever while traveling. So this was a first of sorts.
The Concept of Giving, Kodungalloor Bhagavathi Temple, Kerala
After the Shiva Temple we headed for an excellent South Indian lunch. Lunch done, our last stop for the day was the Kodungalloor Bhagavathi Temple where I came across this interesting concept of giving. You are apparently supposed to give rice, oil, gold or whatever you wish to donate equal to your own body weight. And I saw these weighing instruments in all the temples where worship still happens!
Soon we were headed back to Kochi where I took the ferry once again to reach my hotel. I have to say heritage is not my first choice (and very few brownie points for guessing what it is) but it was so quiet and secluded here that I was glad I did the tour before it becomes part of the touristy trail.
27 thoughts on “Muziris Heritage Tour- Kochi, Kerala”
Nice pics. Crossing river on ferry with a car on board must be a fun experience.
First photo is beautiful.
Yes Girdhar it was load of fun because I didn’t even realize that the structure would move!
Great post, Mridula. That floating ‘bridge’ was really interesting!
That Kizhathali Siva temple looks awe-inspiring, even if it has mostly been damaged. I wonder how it must have looked in all its glory!
BTW, pieces of Muziris have been found in Kodungalloor recently and there is an ongoing excavation there to discover more. I had blogged about it on my Chai ‘n Spice blog sometime back.
And don’t be surprised about the hindu traditions being part of christian customs in Kerala. We’re so used to thinking of christianity as a western religion brought here by the Portuguese and British that we forget that it was already accepted and firmly rooted in India way back in the 1st century A.D. … long before it was accepted in Europe!
Early Indians were so secular!
The early christian converts in Kerala continued following hindu traditions and lifestyle so you’ll find old churches that include architectural aspects of temples and the tying of the ‘thaali’ (mangalsutra) as part of christian marriages still continues in Kerala.
Sunita thank you for sharing your knowledge in this comment. It really made my day.
Beautiful post! Legend says Kodungallur was the access point for both Christianity and Islam into India. And when you add Judaism to it, this small town is soaked in culture and history.
Weighing you body weight with bananas, sugar, gold etc is followed in almost all temples of Kerala. Glad to know you had some lovely experiences.
Thank you Niranjan. You are absolutely right about Kodungallur.
Excellent writing and lovely photographs. Loved your story on the lost land of Mazuris.
Thank you Bushra.
Great pics and loved the way you described what you saw. Do you have any pics of the area where the old port used to be?
Adite not a good one, just a covered site of where the excavation is going on.
The last pic is called thulabharam n is a v famous ritual followed across kerala parts of karnataka!
The next time u stuck in a salwar jus drape ur dupatta across ur Salwar 😉
Meena 😀 Thanks for telling me the name too.
beautiful writing and nice pics 🙂
Thank you Shanoj.
Nice narration with beautiful pictures…………..
Thank you Debopam.
Oh, how very gorgeous!
Thank you Lady Fi.
I had seen this Jewish Synagogue in some travel channel 🙂 nice to re visit through you 🙂 nice post !
Tank you My Say. This was my first tryst with Jewish synagogues.
Good to read you’re having great time exploring Kerala during rains
Yes Shrinidhi it was an amazing trip.
Beautiful pictures and great tour
Thank you so much.
Thank you ma’am for such a wonderful writing
Lijo, thank you so much for the tour. You know the region so well.
Loved this post of yours, Mridula. This is just what I would love to explore in Kerala. When I go there, that is. Thanks for sharing